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Вторник, 03 ноября 2015 17:02

Past perfect

Unit 22 - Past perfect (I have done) - (I had done)

Unit 22

Past perfect (I have done) - (I had done)

(a) Past Perfect Tense образуется при помощи had + past participle (seen, gone, opened, written, looked, и т.д.).

Список причастий прошедшего времени от неправильных глаголов (past participle) смотри в Appendix2. Мы используем Past Perfect для того, чтобы показать:

1.что действие было завершено до определенного момента в прошлом:

 

- I had written a letter by two o'clock.

 

2.что одно действие было завершено перед другим действием в прошлом:

 

- She had already left when I came.

- I didn't know what I should write. I had never written letters before.

 

(b) Past Perfect (I had done) - это прошедшее время от Present Perfect (I have done).

Cравните:

 

Present

Past

I'm not hungry. I've just had lunch.

The house is dirty. We haven't

cleaned it for weeks.

I wasn't hungry. I'd just had lunch.

The house was dirty. We hadn't

cleaned it for weeks.

 

(c) Сравните Past Perfect и Past Simple:

 

- Was Mary ready to go to the cinema when you came to her?

- Yes, she had been ready by the moment.

- Jack wasn't in when I phoned him. He was in his office.

- Jack had just got home when I phoned him. He had been in his office.

 

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